The Treaty of Union created the Parliament of Great Britain which was housed in the Palace of Westminster in London.
As a consequence, Scotland was directly governed from London for the next 292 years without a legislature or a Parliament building of its own.
The Holyrood site was not entered into the picture until after the official closure date of the competition between the three sites.
The date for announcing the winner overran and on the date of the expected announcement instead it was announced that they were going to "rethink their decision" A design committee was appointed under the chairmanship of Dewar, and was tasked with choosing from a shortlist of designs.
The Holyrood and Dumbiedykes areas, to the west of the site, have been extensively redeveloped since 1998, with new retail, hotel and office developments, including Barclay House, the new offices of The Scotsman Publications Ltd.
Before 1707, the Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign independent state which had its own legislature—the Parliament of Scotland—which met, latterly, at Parliament House on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh.
Following the April 1992 election, when a weakened John Major was re-elected, a campaign group set up adjacent to the Royal High School at the foot of the access road to Calton Hill.
The formal opening by Queen Elizabeth II took place on 9 October 2004.
The south eastern side of the complex is bounded by the Our Dynamic Earth visitor attraction which opened in July 1999, and Queen's Drive which fringes the slopes of Salisbury Crags.
To the south of the parliamentary complex are the steep slopes of Salisbury Crags and Arthur's Seat.
The five final designs were put on public display throughout Scotland in June 1998.
Feedback from the public displays showed that the designs of the Spanish architect Enric Miralles were amongst the most popular.
On 6 July 1998, it was declared that the design of Enric Miralles was chosen, with work being awarded to EMBT/RMJM (Scotland) Ltd, a Spanish-Scottish joint venture design company, specifically created for the project.1 Public Entrance 2 Plaza 3 Pond 4 Press Tower 5 Debating Chamber 6 Tower one 7 Tower two 8 Tower three 9 Tower four 10 Tower five, Cannongate Bldg.